When it comes to concrete, aggregates are essential components that give the mixture its properties and characteristics. Aggregates are divided into two main categories: fine and coarse-grained. Fine aggregates are typically made up of sand, silt, clay, and other small particles, while coarse-grained aggregates are composed of crushed stone, gravel, and other larger particles. Depending on the application, different types of aggregates can be used to create concrete with specific properties.
In this article, we'll take a closer look at the different types of aggregates used in concrete and their applications. We'll also discuss the importance of aggregate selection and how it can affect the properties of concrete. Aggregate categories include gravel, sand, recycled concrete, slag, topsoil, ballast, type 1 MOT, and geosynthetic aggregates (synthetic products commonly used in civil engineering projects used to stabilize terrain). If there is a deficiency in a locally available fine aggregate, concrete may benefit from the addition of air entrainment, additional cement, or a supplemental cementitious material (SCM) to address these deficiencies.
When specifying void graded aggregates, certain particle sizes are omitted from the aggregate of the size continuum. Concrete Mix Design and Control, Portland Cement Association (see Chapter 5, Aggregates for Concrete). Recycled concrete is a viable source of aggregate and has been successfully used in granular subbases, soil cement and new concrete. However, the use of slag is no longer limited to roads, but slag aggregates are widely used in all types of civil works.
This is a summary of the most important factors to consider when selecting and dosing concrete aggregate. But a closer look reveals the primary role and influence that aggregate plays on the properties of fresh and hardened concrete. For greater workability and economy, as reflected in the use of less cement, the fine aggregate must have a rounded shape. Aggregate is called a bonded material when mixed with cement or binder materials and is called a non-bonded material when used without cement or binder materials.
The permitted percentage of harmful substances for fine and coarse-grained aggregates are listed in Tables 1 and 3 of ASTM C 33, respectively. As a natural material, the aggregate will sometimes include worn or unstable particles in the supplied product. The purpose of fine aggregate is to fill the voids in the coarse-grained aggregate and act as a workability agent. Some of these that you will be familiar with are fine aggregates and coarse-grained aggregates that contain different sizes and names, such as crushed stone, coarse-grained sand, medium sand, fine sand, silt, clay and fine gravel, medium gravel, coarse-grained gravel, pebbles, cobblestones, and rocks.
Producing good quality, durable concrete containing a portion of recycled concrete aggregate often requires test concrete mixes and close control of the properties of old recycled concrete, with mix adjustments made as needed. The properties of aggregates depend on the bedrock which can be igneous sedimentary or metamorphic. In conclusion we can say that there are many types of aggregates used in concrete depending on the application. It is important to select an appropriate type of aggregate for each application to ensure that the desired properties are achieved. Additionally it is important to consider factors such as cost availability sustainability durability workability etc when selecting an aggregate for use in concrete.